Today's Statistics of growing population, rising Economies and Technology advancements, the customize growth is causing a rapid product obsolescence, this is creating a new Environmental challenge E-Waste. “E-waste”, “electronic waste”, “e-scrap” are terms often used to describe used electronics that are nearing the end of their useful life, and are discarded, donated or given to a recycler. The Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India, as part of the Environment Protection Act of India, has formulated the e-Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011 (E-Waste Rules) to deal with the problem of ewaste.

These rules has come into effect 1st May 2012 and apply to every producer, consumer or bulk consumer involved in the manufacture, sale, purchase and processing of electrical and electronic equipment or components. The waste stream includesdiscarded electrical and electronic equipment such as used TV sets, personal computers, monitors, laptops, digital cameras,printers, scanners, mobile phones, smoke detectors, batteries used in the electronics etc. E-waste contains scarce metal resources; however, it also contains hazardous toxic metals (Pb, Hg, Cd, and Cr6+) in addition to plastic and brominated flame retardants among others.

The main sources of electronic waste in India are the government, public and private (industrial) sectors, which account for almost 70 per cent of total waste generation. The contribution of individual households is relatively small at about 15 per cent; the rest being contributed by manufacturers. The ministry of environment and Forests is implementing a scheme to provide financial assistance for setting up of treatment, disposal and storage facility for hazardous and integrated recycling facilities for E-waste on public private partnership mode.

Based on a survey carried out by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), it is estimated that 1.47 lakh MT of e-waste was generated in the country in the year 2005. This is expected to increase to about 8.0 lakh MT by 2012. Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi, Karnataka, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab are among top 10 states generating about 70% of total e-waste. There are about 75 authorized and registered E-waste recyclers with recycling capacity of about 2.46 lakh MTA of E-waste. According to a study, among the 10 largest e-waste generating states, Maharashtra tops the list while Uttar Pradesh ranks fourth. A study of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) estimated that over 8 lakh tonnes of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipments (WEEE) was generated in the country in 2012. UP along with Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi, Karnataka, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab contributes to 70% of the e-waste generated in the country. Similarly, a recent study revealed an average middle class family generates nearly 19 kg of e-waste annually in India.

*Data Source From http://www.iiwm.in/index.php?fun=capacity

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